How Does Drip Irrigation Work?

How Does Drip Irrigation Work?

See why drip irrigation is a fantastic way to water your garden.

Drip irrigation systems are perhaps the most efficient irrigation solutions for residential landscapes. There are different types of models from which to choose and are fairly easy to install and maintain. Keep reading to learn more about how drip irrigation works and more.

Types of Drip Irrigation

Different types of drip irrigation models can serve to efficiently water any part of the yard, including the lawn, trees, shrubs, hedges, flower and ground cover beds, vegetable gardens, and flower pots.

  • Punch-in Emitters: These tools come on their own or can be attached to a tube. The emitters punch into the tube at any point or directly punch into the ground. Some tubing has emitters built into them already. These devices are useful in administering water directly into the ground while keeping the soil above dry.
  • Pre-installed Emitter Lines: This is a rudimentary but effective version of drip irrigation, in which a row of tiny holes go the length of the flexible pipe, from which water slowly drips down into the soil.
  • Micro Sprinklers: Individual misters are also available, but are best suited for regions with dry air or greenhouses.

Benefits of Drip Irrigation

Some drip irrigation systems have more control than others, namely the punch-in emitters vs. the basic version, but this type of irrigation nevertheless has significant benefits over other kinds. One has much more control over how much water the plants get, and one can also prevent water runoff. Often, normal sprinkler systems can spread too much water, creating a runoff and wasting dollars. On the other hand, drip irrigation only allows a specific amount of water to reach specific spots throughout the garden. Because of its slow nature, it is sure to help the ground absorb the water, as opposed to a shallow drenching.

Drip Irrigation Maintenance

Drip irrigation does require maintenance. One will need to check the system at the beginning of spring and at the end of summer for clogs, breakages, etc. You may have to clean parts like emitters or sprinkler heads from time to time. If you suspect clogging in certain spots, you can check the soil’s moisture in those areas. Depending on the plants in your garden, you may have to adjust the watering amounts in different spots, or plug up some areas with goofy plugs. If you add a filter, make sure to clean them every two months or so.

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